The Warrior Queen of Ndongo and Matamba, Angola, Nzinga Mbande was well prepared to deal with the Portuguese colonizers who invaded Angola in search of captives to kidnap into slavery. The Portuguese were the first colonizers to invade the region. They found a formidable opponent in Queen Nzinga Mbande. Nzinga Mbande was part of a militant ethnic group of warriors called the Jagas. The Jagas were a formidable shield against the Portuguese invaders.
From early teens, Nzinga was well trained in the bow and arrow,spear,and other weapons. She was a master of state affairs. In time she would take the throne of Ndongo in place of her weak brother. She raised her banner against Portuguese slave traders,engaging in a fierce guerrilla war against them.
When the Portuguese governor of Luanda halted the war against Ndongo and met Nzinga to talk terms,he sat in a magnificent chair while she was given a royal pillow on the floor.
This was an insult to Nzinga’s royal authority. She signalled to one of her attendants. The attendant got on all fours and served as a chair for the Queen. In this manner, Nzinga conducted her meeting. She told the Portuguese governor she would not stop her alliance with the Dutch,who were Portugal’s rival.
She refused to acknowledge the Portuguese as an authority in her land. The Portuguese were amazed at her boldness, authority,and defiant spirit. They were also amazed at the loyalty and devotion of her people. The war would later continue as Nzinga’s warriors wreaked havoc on Portuguese troops.
Nzinga offered land and freedom to Black colonial soldiers in the Portuguese army , compelling thousands of them to desert their white masters and escape into Ndongo to join her revolution. This created a serious security issue for the Portuguese. Ndongo was a free land, a refuge for all Africans escaping the slave traders. Nzinga encouraged many African Kings and nobles to join her cause against the Portuguese colonizers.
Andrea Marie Montes J P Charles Ekaebe Omphile Phile Mokgothu Trini Ma’at D’Goddess Cynthia Pascual Nzu Esther Nk Rita Mogan Nickole Porter Michele Blackburn